THE DANIEL GUGGENHEIM MEDAL FREDERICK WILLIAM LANCHESTER For Contributions to the Fundamental Theory of Aerodynamics Citation 16th September 1931 London Frederick William Lanchester, now residing at Dyott End, Oxford Road, Moseley, Birmingham, England, was born 23 October 1868, at Lewisham. His father was Henry Jones Lanchester, architect. He studied at the Royal College of Science, South Kensington, England, 1886 to 1889, but did not graduate. There was no third year engineering at the college. Lanchester took mining but abandoned the course, read for engineering in South Kensington Library and attended engineering lectures and workshop tuition at the Finsbury Technical College in the evenings. In recognition of his great contributions to engineering science and aerodynamics, the University of Birmingham conferred on him in 1920 the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws. Dr. Lanchester is a Fellow of the Royal Society, a member of the Institution of Civil Engineers, the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, and the Institution of Automobile Engineers, an Associate of the National Academy and the Institution of Naval Architects, and an Honory Fellow of the Royal Aeronautical Society. He was a member of the (British) Advisory Committee for Aeronautics from 1909 to 1920. He was President of the Institution of Automobile Engineers 1910-11 and President of the Junior Institution of Engineers 1916-17 and 1917-18. On 27 May 1926, the Royal Aeronautical Society of Great Britain bestowed upon him its gold medal which had previously been awarded to only five persons, Orville and Wilbur Wright in May, 1909; Octave Chanute in July, 1910; Professor George Hartley Bryan and Mr. Edward Teshmaker Busk in May, 1915. On the occasion of receiving the medal Dr. Lanchester also read the Wilbur Wright Memorial Lecture for 1926 on the [...]

By | October 21st, 2011|Articles, Lanchester|Comments Off on THE DANIEL GUGGENHEIM MEDAL

Frederick Willliam Lanchester the “Leonardo” of the Machine Age

Frederick Willliam Lanchester the "Leonardo" of the Machine Age F.W. Lanchester - the visionary and Renaissance man To say that the Lanchester was different hardly does justice to one of the most remarkable automobiles of the Edwardian Age. Even in 1910, its bug-eyed, hoodless appearance was so unorthodox that the directors of the Lanchester Motor Company in Birmingham, England, feared it would be spurned. Since the turn of the century, the long hood and cowl had enjoyed wide public acceptance in Europe. The Lanchester possessed neither of these features, and thus flew in the face of fashion. But that was nothing new. It's inventor was uninterested in how it looked as long as it satisfied his exacting standards for fleet, dependable transportation with optimum comfort for its riders. Frederick Lanchester was a Renaissance man whose visionary automotive achievements are reflected in many modern cars - seldom with any acknowledgment of their origin. His costly and smooth-running automobiles bore what came to be called the "Lanchester look." Depending on who applied the label, it was either intended to convey contempt or acclaim. F.W. Lanchester - the inventor As a young engineer who specialized in the development of gasoline engines, Lanchester's true interest was mechanical flight. To avoid being branded a lunatic, he wisely applied his considerable genius to an interim problem that he believed would advance the science of aeronautics. In 1895, after two years of careful study and experimentation, he produced the first serviceable four-wheeled gasoline car in England. He did it by studying and then improving upon what had been done on the Continent up to that time. Instead of relying on the components of others, however, he designed and built his own. When [...]

By | October 21st, 2011|Lanchester|Comments Off on Frederick Willliam Lanchester the “Leonardo” of the Machine Age

Lanchesters Writings

Bibliography of F. W. Lanchester's Writings 1896. "The Radial Cursor: a new addition to the slide rule," Phil. Mag., Jan. 1896. 1905. "The pendulum accelerometer: an instrument for the direct measurement and recording of acceleration," Proc. Phys. Soc. London, Vol XIX. 1907. "The horse power of the petrol motor in relation to its bore, stroke and weight," Proc. Inst. Auto. Eng., 1, 155. "The laws of flight," Engineering, 25.9.08 Aerial Flight, Vol. I: Aerodynamics (London: Constable). Aerial Flight, Vol II: Aerodonetics (London: Constable) 1908. "The Wright and Voisin types of flying machine: a comparison," J. Aero. Soc., Vol XIII, No. 49. 1908. "Some problems peculiar to the design of the automobile," Proc. Inst. Auto. Eng., 2, 187. 1909. "The flight of birds," The Engineer, 19.2.09. 1909. "Tractive effort and acceleration of automobile vehicles on land, air and water," Proc. Inst. Auto. Eng., 4, 123. 1909. "The problem of flight" and "Mechanical flight," Times Eng. Supp., 3.3.09 and 7.4.09. 1910. "Factors that have contributed to the advance of automobile engineering, and which control the development of the self-propelled vehicle," Proc. Inst. Auto. Eng., 5, 8. 1913. "Worm gear," Proc. Inst. Auto. Eng., 7, 215. 1913. "Internal combustion motors on railways," Engineering, Sept. 1913. 1913. "Catastrophic instability in aeroplanes," Engineering, 24. 10. 13. 1914. "Engine balancing," Proc. Inst. Auto. Eng., 8, 195. 1914. "The flying machine from an engineering standpoint," Proc. Inst. Cic. Eng., 198, 4, 245. Published separately by Constable, London, 1916. 1915. "The flying machine: The aerofoil in the light of theory and experiment," Proc. Inst. Auto. Eng., 9, 171. 1915. "A contribution to the theory of propulsion and the screw propeller," Proc. Inst. Auto. Eng., 9, 171. 1915. "Cylinder cooling of internal combustion engines," [...]

By | October 21st, 2011|Lanchester|Comments Off on Lanchesters Writings

About F.W. Lanchester

Frederick William Lanchester 1868 - 1946 Frederick William Lanchester was a major contributor to the theory and practice of automobile engineering and aeronautical engineering. He also published works in radio, acoustics, relativity, music and poetry. Lanchester is honoured by an annual award in his name by the Operations Society of America. Lanchester's work forms the basis of modern automobile engineering, and the theory of flight. His equations of combat form the basis of the science of Operations Research. In Japan there have also been significant developments in marketing and sales strategy based on Lanchester's equations of combat. Engineering: 1890 Gas engine starter 1895 First all British four wheel petrol car 1986 Magneto ignition 1897 Automatic lubrication of engine, First go & no-go gauges 1998 Rack and pinion steering 1901 Pre-selector gear change 1902 Turbo charging, Disc brake 1903 The word "streamlines" 1904 Four wheel drive 1905 Dynamic balance of engine 1923 Fuel injection 1927 Purpose-built armoured cars Aeronautics: 1894 Vortex theory of lift 1896 Experimental gliders 1897 Stability in flight 1907 Aerial Flight Vol I Aerodynamics 1908 Aerial Flight Vol II Aerodonetics 1916 Aircraft in Warfare

By | October 21st, 2011|About Lanchester, Lanchester|Comments Off on About F.W. Lanchester

Aircraft in Warfare by F.W. Lanchester

Aircraft in Warfare, the Dawn of the Fourth Arm, by F. W. Lanchester. Aircraft in Warfare, the Dawn of the Fourth Arm, by F. W. Lanchester. New edition of Lanchester's pioneering 1916 work, complete with new photographic material from the Imperial War Museum and the RAF Museum England. Describes all aspects of the use and operation of aircraft at the time of the first world war. Important chapters on Lanchester's equations of combat, the foundations of the science of Operations Research and the basis for Japanese developments in marketing strategy Softcover, 243 pages, 19 chapters, 21 photographs, 21 illustrations, appendix, index. ISBN 1-57321-017-X From Scientific American F. W. Lanchester was one of the pioneers of the circulation theory of lift and for that reason is one of the most respected figures in aviation. From The New Yorker F. W. Lanchester is an important figure in the history of science of military strategy. His equations of combat described in this book are the foundations of the science of Operations Research (OR). Lanchester is also honored by the annual Lanchester Prize awarded by the Operations Society of America. Review In the present war the services of the Flying Corps have, in the main, been confined to scouting and reconnaissance in its various forms, the amount of work which has been done in this direction being very great. According to present reports, a mileage equivalent to many circuits of the globe has already been covered. So far, the casualties have been slight, and the actual risk and danger are considered less than in the other combatant branches of the service. The meaning of this evidently is that the methods of attack on aircraft have not kept [...]

By | October 21st, 2011|Aircraft in Warfare, Books, F.W. Lanchester, Lanchester|Comments Off on Aircraft in Warfare by F.W. Lanchester